Why Currencies Trade Against the Dollar?

Currencies are always traded in pairs since the worth of one currency is assessed against the worth of another, producing an exchange rate for the currency pair.

Moreover, for centuries that are discussed in further depth beneath, most currencies have been traded mainly against the US dollar.

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The Influence of Bretton Woods

The prime causes why most currencies deal in the currency trading against the US dollar can be traced back to the Bretton Woods agreement, which was signed towards the conclusion of World War II.9

Following that catastrophic worldwide war, the United States has been the only developed nation that remained comparably economically robust after the expensive battle when juxtaposed to the other major countries of the globe.

Regarding suggestions to create a neutral global reserve currency known as the bancor, the United States Dollar was selected as the world's reserve currency at the Bretton Woods conference in New Hampshire in 1944, shortly before the war's conclusion.

When it was adopted after the war, the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates linked major global currencies to the US dollar, which had been on the precious metal gold at the time, and set the value of gold at $35 per ounce.

Apart from Switzerland, almost all countries abandoned the de facto gold standard in 1971, when US President Richard Nixon effectively ended the Dollar's conversion to gold. Switzerland similarly halted the Swiss Franc's conversion to gold in 2000.

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Major Currency Paired with Dollar

They all deal against the U.S. dollar and are the seven most frequently traded currency pairings on the foreign exchange market today, also referred to as the Majors.

These are the relevant pairings, in order of trading volume:

  • U.S. Dollar versus the Swiss Franc: USD/CHF
  • Australian Dollar versus the U.S. Dollar: AUD/USD
  • U.S. Dollar versus the Canadian Dollar: USD/CAD
  • U.S. Dollar versus the Japanese Yen: USD/JPY
  • U.K.’s Pound Sterling versus the U.S. Dollar: GBP/USD
  • New Zealand Dollar versus the U.S. Dollar: NZD/USD
  • E.U.’s Euro versus the U.S. Dollar: EUR/USD

As previously stated, the United States Dollar has traditionally been the most traded currency due to its position as the world's main reserve currency. The US dollar remains significant, accounting for more than 86 percent of all forex transactions.

Certain major currency pairings and almost all smaller currency pairs, such as USD/JPY, USD/CAD, and USD/CHF, are offered using the US Dollar as the base value. Because the pricing currency is the nation's native currency, these quotes are often known as direct rates.

Moreover, currency pairings in which the United States Dollar serves as the countering currency, such as EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, and NZD/USD, utilize the nation's domestic currencies as the price currency, and therefore quotes in these pairs are often called to as indirect rates.

Specified Major Currency Pairs

Every currency pair has distinct features and functions as a distinct trading tool. Prior to trying to trade a currency pair, these facts should be carefully studied.

Following is a short explanation of each of the main currency pairs:

EUR/USD: - Based with Bank for International Settlements, EUR/USD is the total volume lead in the foreign exchange market, accounting for more than 27 percent of total daily forex trading activity. The Eurozone nations that merged their national currencies into the Euro have the world's biggest economy by GDP, with the United States coming in second.

USD/JPY: - The USD/JPY rate accounts for more than 13% of daily average forex activity and is the second most commonly exchanged currency pair. Despite its modest size, Japan's financial system is the third biggest in the world in terms of GDP. Japan's two biggest trade allies are the United States and the European Union.

GBP/USD: - Ever since the late 1800s, the value of the United Kingdom Pound Sterling against the United States Dollar has been coined "Cable." It really is the third most frequently traded currency pair, accounting for 13% of total daily FX activity, with the United Kingdom ranking sixth in economic growth by GDP. This currency pair is prone to large rate fluctuations and is not suitable for inexperienced traders.

USD/CHF: - Owing to its previous convertibility into gold, which was stopped in 2000, the Swiss Franc is still largely regarded as a safe shelter currency, although it currently accounts for just 5% of global forex daily trading activity. The currency is denoted by the ISO 4217 notation CHF, which is derived from Switzerland's ancient Latin name: Confederacion Helvetia Franc.

AUD/USD: - An Australian Dollar is valued over the Us Dollar in this exchange pair. Since Australia's GDP is largely dependent on the exports of natural assets, it trades tightly with the commodities market. Australia's economy is the 13th biggest in the globe, and China is its primary trade ally, purchasing the majority of Australian goods.

USD/CAD: - An exchange rate between the US Dollar and the Canadian Dollar, which is also influenced by the price of oil, is also very susceptible to the price of crude oil.

NZD/USD: - Regardless of the fact that New Zealand has a tiny economy, the New Zealand Dollar against the US Dollar, or the Kiwi, is becoming a prominent currency pair for traders to trade.

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