Mukesh Ambani first, Gautam Adani second on Forbes 10 richest Indian billionaires 2021 list.

Mukesh Ambani, the chairman of Reliance Industries Ltd secured the first spot on the Forbes 10 richest Indian billionaires 2021 list while Adani Group chairman Gautam Adani is at second place.

With a net worth of  $84.5 billion, the chairman and managing director of the oil-to-telecom conglomerate topped the Forbes list of India’s richest billionaires while Adani was ranked second with a fortune of $50.5 billion.

An unprecedented surge in the wealth of billionaires comes amid a rapid rise in the stock market even as Covid-19 cases continue to rise across the country. The benchmark Sensex has surged 75% in the past year alone.

According to Forbes, the number of billionaires increased to 140 from 102 last year and their collective wealth double to $596 billion during the last year. The top three richest Indians collectively added $100 billion in the pandemic year, it added.   

Ambani garnered investments worth $35 billion for this Jio and also achieved the target of reducing the net debt levels of the company to zero by 2021. Asia's richest man also diversified his empire into technology and retail sectors with acquisitions and fundraising in the one last year.   

Ambani sold a third of telecom unit Jio to global marquee investors such as Facebook, Google and others and offloaded 10% of Reliance Retail to private equity firms such as KKR and General Atlantic. Reliance Industries concluded a $7.3 billion rights issue of shares, said Forbes.

The wealth of India's second richest billionaire Adani increased by a whopping $42 billion as shares of group companies Adani Green and  Adani Enterprises skyrocketed. The infrastructure tycoon also diversified the group's businesses and expanded into India's airport management and operations business.

Adani Group earlier acquired a 74% share in Mumbai International Airport, the country's second-busiest, in September 2020. He sold 20% in his listed renewables firm, Adani Green Energy, to French energy giant Total for $2.5 billion.

Adani toppled Avenue Supermarts' founder Radhakishan Damani from second place on the list who saw his fortune divided. His brother Gopikishan Damani listed separately for the first time, according to Forbes. 
HCL founder Shiv Nadar is perched on the third spot on the Forbes 10 richest billionaires 2021 list with a net worth of $23.5 billion. He stepped down from the position of group chairman and handed over the ropes of HCL Technologies to daughter Roshni Nadar Malhotra.

Damani at $16.5 billion and Kotak Mahindra Bank MD Uday Kotak with a fortune of $15.9 billion took the fourth and the fifth spot in the list.

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